Jesus: Fully Man & Fully God
[original text in italics]
We obviously know that Jesus was a man. We also know that he referred to himself as the Son of Man. So what does scripture say about Jesus being God? Below are two great scriptures to show that, as Jesus was fully man, he is also fully God:
COLOSSIANS 2:9 For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity dwells in bodily form.
COLOSSIANS 1:13-18 He has delivered us from the power of darkness and conveyed us into the kingdom of the Son of His love, in whom we have redemption [ransom, gaining possession of us by providing full payment for our sins] through His blood, the forgiveness of sins. He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist. And He is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things He may have the preeminence. For it pleased the Father that in Him all the fullness should dwell
In places where the Pharisees and scribes lived, it was appropriate in the beginning his ministry for Jesus to somewhat conceal that He was the Messiah. In Samaria, where they did not go, Jesus was able to reveal this plainly sooner:
JOHN 4:25-26 The woman said to Him, "I know that Messiah is coming (who is called Christ). When He comes, He will tell us all things." Jesus said to her, "I who speak to you am He."
For the reasons mentioned above, Jesus did not always plainly say he was God. Yet, He revealed it in what He said and did. Below, we will presents scriptures that reveal that Jesus is God.
Jesus is omnipresent (is everywhere all the time):
MATTHEW 18:20 "For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there in the midst of them."
MATTHEW 28:19 "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age."
Jesus is eternal (does not live in the limitations of time). Note in JOHN 3:13 below how Jesus told Nicodemus while with him that He is in heaven as well:
JOHN 3:13 "No one has ascended to heaven but He who came down from heaven, that is, the Son of Man who is in heaven.
JOHN 16:28 "I came forth from the Father and have come into the world. Again, I leave the world and go to the Father."
JOHN 6:62 "What then if you should see the Son of Man ascend where He was before?
JOHN 17:5 "And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.
Jesus is omniscient (has all knowledge)
MATTHEW 11:27 "All things have been delivered to Me by My Father, and no one knows the Son except the Father. Nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.
MATTHEW 24:35-36 "Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away. "But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, but My Father only.
We we see above that all things were delivered to Jesus by the Father and Jesus here did not say He - Himself did not know.
REVELATION 2:23 "I [Jesus] will kill her children with death, and all the churches shall know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts. And I will give to each one of you according to your works.
Jesus is omnipotent (has all power) as seen through what He said and what he did:
JOHN 5:20-23 "For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself does; and He will show Him greater works than these, that you may marvel. "For as the Father raises the dead and gives life to them, even so the Son gives life to whom He will. "For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son, "that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.
MATTHEW 8:25 Then His disciples came to Him and awoke Him, saying, "Lord, save us! We are perishing!" But He said to them, "Why are you fearful, O you of little faith?" Then He arose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm. So the men marveled, saying, "Who can this be, that even the winds and the sea obey Him?"
JOHN 10:30 "I and My Father are one." Then the Jews took up stones again to stone Him.
The Jews claimed blasphemy because they knew Jesus was claiming to be God. They understood the tri-unity of God with the Messiah from scripture, God the Father, and God the Holy Spirit:
ISAIAH 9:6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
MICAH 5:2 out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.”
Jesus is the judge of all the earth:
MATTHEW 25:31 "When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats. And these will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous [state of approval and acceptance] into eternal life."
Jesus owns and is the Lord of the angels:
MATTHEW 13:41 "The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness…
COLOSSIANS 1:16,17,19 “by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth... All things were created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist… For it pleased the Father that in Him all the fullness should dwell,
Jesus forgives sins (instead of the old covenant sacrificial system through animal sacrifice):
LUKE 7:47-48 "Therefore I say to you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she loved much. But to whom little is forgiven, the same loves little." Then He said to her, "Your sins are forgiven."
MATTHEW 9:2 Then behold, they brought to Him a paralytic lying on a bed. When Jesus saw their faith, He said to the paralytic, "Son, be of good cheer; your sins are forgiven you." And at once some of the scribes said within themselves, "This Man blasphemes!" But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, "Why do you think evil in your hearts? For which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you,’ or to say, ‘Arise and walk’? But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins" - then He said to the paralytic, "Arise, take up your bed, and go to your house." And he arose and departed to his house.
Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath:
LUKE 6:5 And He said to them, "The Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath."
Jesus is without sin because he came from God's seed. In contrast, mankind came from the seed of man where sin originates:
JOHN 8: 46 "Which of you convicts Me of sin? And if I tell the truth, why do you not believe Me?
Jesus allowed Himself to be called God. Note that in both scriptures below, the definitive article "the" is used in the original Greek text:
JOHN 20:28 And Thomas answered and said to Him, "My Lord and my God!" [Literally, this says: "The Lord of me and the God of me"]
JOHN 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. [Literally, this says: In beginning was the Word and the Word was with the God and God was the Word]
JOHN 1:3-5 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.
JOHN 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him.
JOHN 1:14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
Jesus is the Son of God:
JOHN 5:25 "Most assuredly, I say to you, the hour is coming, and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those who hear will live.
MARK 14:61-64 But He kept silent and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked Him, saying to Him, "Are You the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?" Jesus said, "I am. And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming [going to the Father] with the clouds of heaven." Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, "What further need do we have of witnesses? "You have heard the blasphemy!
JOHN 10:36-38 ...I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; but if I do, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and believe that the Father is in Me, and I in Him."
JOHN 10:17-18 "Therefore My Father loves Me, because I lay down My life that I may take it again. No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This command I have received from My Father."
Jesus is the manifestation of the Father:
JOHN 14:9 Jesus said to him, "Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father;
Jesus is pre-existent:
JOHN 8:56 "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad." Then the Jews said to Him, "You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?" Jesus said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was [Aorist tense that refers to a past single act], I AM [Imperfect tense refers to a habitual ongoing act]." Then they took up stones to throw at Him;
As you read other scriptures, you will find the continual reference of the tri-unity of God (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit):
JUDE 1:25 to the only God, our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion, and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.
And so we too proclaim: We rejoice and declare glory to your Holy name, Christ Jesus, together with Father and Holy Spirit, one body eternal, be glory and honor & power forever.